(One of many Bible articles on the "Wielding the Sword of the Spirit" web site at www.matthewmcgee.org)
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Creation Evidence and Evolution Myth

Matthew McGee

This article is divided into the following sections:

Definitions of Terms
How Rocks are Dated
Evidence of the Young Age of the Earth
Radiometric Dating
Rapid Processes
The Geological Column
The Laws of Thermodynamics
No Simple Cells
Apes, Men, Frauds, and Mistakes
Punctuated Evolution
Evidence of the Global Flood
In Closing
Good Resources for Further Study
Addendum: Public Opinion


The television, newspapers, and textbooks commonly proclaim, as though it were proven fact, that the earth is 4 to 5 billion years old. What is not commonly taught is how the scientists determined that age. What assumptions did they make? What evidence did they use? What evidence did they discard?

We will examine these questions in this article. We will see that the scientists began with the assumptions that (a.) the general theory of evolution is correct and that (b.) the Biblical account of creation in Genesis is incorrect. The scientists did not come to these conclusions based upon on an examination of the evidence. They simply made these assumptions from the beginning. We will also show that they use some of the most unreliable measurements available as evidence that the earth is very old, while at the same time they discard the overwhelming majority of the evidence which shows that the earth is very young. They also attempt to reinforce their error by claiming that various geological processes took millions of years to complete, even though there is ample evidence to prove that these processes took place very rapidly.

This article is intended to be an informative summary of the creation and evolution topics. Readers who are interested in further study are encouraged to consult the resources listed within and at the bottom of this article, which can provide very extensive research and documentation on these matters.

Definition of Terms

Before we get into this discussion, we need to define a few terms. The special theory of evolution is sometimes called horizontal variation. These are minor changes in plants or animals over time, not changes from one kind to another. These minor changes can be observed, shown through experimentation, and can be reproduced. Science is based upon information learned through observation and experimentation. Thus, the special theory of evolution is within the boundaries of science. In this article however, when I refer to "evolution", I will be referring to the general theory of evolution, which states that all life evolved from simpler forms of life, which in turn evolved from inorganic material over vast periods of time. Unlike the special theory of evolution, the general theory of evolution cannot be observed and cannot be shown through experimentation. So quite simply, the general theory of evolution is not science, but a man-made "faith" of sorts. In this article, I will be using the term "scientists" very loosely, when referring to the many so-called "scientists" who are devout followers of the evolutionism faith.

One other term we need to define is uniformity. Uniformity is an assumption often made in determining the age of the earth, in spite of the fact that it is almost always an incorrect assumption. It supposes that all of the processes that we see in nature today, have always been occurring at the same rate that they do today. Since uniformity is gradual uniform change over millions of years, it is sometimes also called "gradualism".

How Rocks are Dated

Many people think that scientists determine the ages of rocks by radiometric dating (which we will later discuss in its own section). The surprising fact is that the common methods of dating rocks to particular time periods in the past is not done by any sort of objective measurement. The dating of rocks is done by assigning ages to the fossils found in the rocks. The scientist dates the fossils by determining when he thinks those fossils best fit into the assumed general theory of evolution. Any measurement, whether done radiometrically or otherwise, that disagrees with the assumed general theory of evolution is deemed incorrect and is discarded. The scientist thus insures that when the rock samples are arranged according to the age he has determined, the fossils in them progress along the time line in accordance with the general theory of evolution. It was the assumption that the general theory of evolution was correct that was used to date the rocks in the first place. Therefore, the scientist using illogical circular reasoning, plain and simple. In documenting their efforts, they will conceal enough of the facts and disguise their arguments so that most people will not recognize their circular reasoning for what it is.

Here is an example to show just how illogical this circular reasoning is. A person could assume that no life existed on the earth prior to one hundred years ago. He would then logically conclude that all fossils must be no more than one hundred years old. Then one could use the fossils to date all rocks that contain fossils to one hundred years or less. Then he could say that all of the rocks are evidence that no life existed on the earth prior to one hundred years ago. This argument and conclusion are ludicrous of course. One could prove anything they wanted about the earth's age by this process, but this is just the kind of thinking that is used to support the general theory of evolution.

For further information on how rocks are commonly dated, see Institute for Creation Research, Creation Ministries International, and Answers In Genesis. Each of these sites has an excellent search function which may be used for locating articles and other information on this and many other creation and evolution topics.

Evidence of the Young Age of the Earth

There are many natural processes which could be used to estimate the age of the earth. Henry M. Morris, Ph.D. of the Institute for Creation Research produced an article called "The Young Earth", in which he documented several dozen processes in nature that could be used to estimate the age of the earth. The processes include the influx of various elements into the oceans, the decay of the earth's magnetic field, the accumulation of meteoric materials on the earth, and many other natural processes.

Many of these processes indicate that the earth is less than 10,000 years old. The majority indicate that the earth is less than 100,000 years old. None of the dozens of processes indicate that the earth is more than half a billion years old, far short of the 4 to 5 billion years which is commonly taught.

The assumption of uniformity, that all conditions remained constant over the period of the measurement, is much more likely to be correct for short time periods than for long time periods. This is because the longer the time period is in which something is being measured, the greater the chances are of conditions changing during that time. Therefore, the calculations for processes that yield younger ages are more likely to be accurate that calculations for processes that yield older ages.

Yet the evolutionists say the earth is about ten times older than even the longest of the estimates documented by Morris. They certainly do not make this claim by preponderance of the evidence, but contrary to the preponderance of the evidence.

For further information on processes that indicate that the earth is young, see Institute for Creation Research, Creation Ministries International, and Answers In Genesis.

Radiometric Dating

One of the primary "evidences" that evolutionists like to point to show that the earth is very old is radiometric dating. As pointed out in the previous section, there are many geological systems which could be used to estimate the age of the earth. Each such system has potential problems that could cause inaccurate results, and radiometric dating is no exception.

To illustrate the problems with relying upon radiometric dating, I will use a simple snow-fall example. Suppose you travel by plane to distant city. Though it is winter, you have not checked the weather reports for that city. When you arrive, you see that it is lightly snowing, and you are curious as to when it started snowing. You estimate that the rate of snow-fall is about 1 cm per hour. You check the depth of the snow at a random spot on the ground and find it to be 5 cm deep. You might assume that:

(A) You have accurately estimated the rate of the current snow-fall.
(B) There was no snow on the ground before this present snow-fall began.
(C) All of the snow in that spot came from falling snow, and not from any other source of snow.
(D) There is no way any snow could have gotten to the spot where you measured without having fallen there directly.
(E) There is no way any snow that fell in that spot could have gone anywhere.
(F) All the processes have been uniform. In other words, A, C, D, and E have each remained constant throughout time that the snow has been falling.

If all of your assumptions are correct, then you might divide the 5 cm snow depth by the 1 cm per hour rate of snow-fall and reasonably conclude that it began snowing 5 hours ago. However, there are problems with these assumptions:

(A) Perhaps it had snowed much harder earlier, and it has really only been snowing for a couple of hours. Or perhaps the snow had been lighter earlier, and it has really been snowing for much longer.
(B) Perhaps the ground is still covered by snow from a week ago, and it has been so cold that it never melted, and the snow you presently see falling really only started 5 minutes ago.
(C) Perhaps extra snow has been added to that spot by a snow blower, a thrown snowball, or by other means, making it appear to have snowed for longer than it has.
(D) Though it was not windy when you checked the snow, perhaps it was very windy a little earlier, it may have blown in more snow that had fallen elsewhere causing it to pile up thicker in the place where you checked the depth. In that case, maybe it has not snowed for as long as you think.
(E) On the other hand, the wind may have blown away much of the snow that had fallen where you had checked. Or perhaps the ground is warm enough that it has melted much of the snow. Thus the snow may have begun much longer ago than you calculated, perhaps all day.
(F) Perhaps not all of these processes have been uniform.

Consider these types of problems as we discuss radiometric dating. Radiometric dating involves the process of a radioactive element, such as uranium, decaying into another element, such as lead. Uranium-lead radiometric dating would be a good clock for estimating the age of rocks if we knew the following:

(A) The rate at which uranium decays into lead.
(B) How much lead was in the rock when it was formed.
(C) All of the lead in the rock that was not in the rock when the rock was formed came from decaying uranium.
(D) There is no way any extra lead or uranium could have gotten into the rock from the outside.
(E) There is no way any of the original lead or uranium could have gotten out of the rock, such as by differential leaching.
(F) The process has always been uniform. In other words, A, C, D, and E have each always remained constant throughout the age of the rock.

However, most of these requirements are either unknown, or are known to not be true. So why do evolutionists rely so heavily upon such an unreliable "clock"? Perhaps because radiometric dating tends to indicate that the earth is much older than almost any other means of estimating the earth's age, supposedly allowing more time for the general theory of evolution to work.

There is also a flip-side to the uranium-lead dating method. Uranium decays into lead, which is a very common element on the earth. When the uranium decays, it also produces helium-4 as a by-product. Unlike lead, helium-4 is very rare. Rocks which the uranium-lead dating method estimates to be more than 100 million years old, contain only enough helium to account for a tiny fraction of that time. The evolutionists claim that the helium must have escaped from the rocks. If that were the case, we should be able to find vast amounts of helium-4 in the atmosphere. Instead, the tiny amount of helium-4 present on the earth indicates only a few thousand years of uranium decay, not 4 to 5 billion years. Even uranium-lead radiometric dating provides evidence that the earth is young when one considers the lack of helium-4 on the planet.

Another radiometric dating method is the Potassium-Argon method. Following this method, ages calculated from samples taken from a single rock may differ drastically. From rocks known to be less than 200 years old, formed from the active Kilauea volcano in Hawaii, dates of up to 22 million years were calculated using this method. Part of the problem is that argon, which is abundant in the atmosphere, can be incorporated into the rocks under pressure. This allows for scientists to calculate older dates by using this Potassium-Argon method.

The radio-carbon (C-14) dating method is another very inaccurate dating method. Results differ greatly even in the same rock layer. In rocks that are supposed to be 110 million years old, dinosaur bones and wood were taken and dated to 19,000 years old and 890 years old respectively using this method. In addition, the shells of living mollusks regularly date to more than 2000 years old using the radio-carbon method. One other interesting note about C-14 is that its level on the earth is presently increasing exponentially, and is now 30 per cent short of equilibrium. It has been estimated that it would have taken less than 8000 years for the C-14 to reach its present level of concentration.

For further information on radiometric dating, see Creation Ministries International, Institute for Creation Research, and Answers In Genesis.

Rapid Processes

Evolutionists also attempt to support their claim that the earth is billions of years old by saying that the earth's various rock strata each took millions of years to form. For example they say it takes 1400 to 2700 years to form a single foot of limestone. They calculate these formation rates by first assuming how many millions of years, according to the general theory of evolution, that the rock strata must cover. Then they simply divide by the depth (thickness) of the stone layer.

But the evolutionists ignore the overwhelming evidence which strongly supports rapid limestone formation. This includes many fossils which plainly illustrate that the rock was formed very quickly. One such fossil is of a fish in the process of swallowing a smaller fish, with the tail of the smaller fish clearly sticking out the mouth of the larger one. Now following the assumption of uniformity and the speed of limestone formation that the evolutionists calculate, it would have taken hundreds of years to cover this fish. But clearly this fish was covered in much less than one day's time at the very most, perhaps instantaneously. There are also fossils of fern leaves which did not even have time to wilt before they were covered. There are fossils of whole shrimp, dragonflies, and other insects preserved with minute detail. All of the tiny soft parts of can be clearly seen. So these tiny creatures had no time to decompose. Large dinosaurs with the soft parts preserved have also been found. One fossil shows a 30 foot long ichthyosaur (an aquatic fish-like animal) with a baby ichthyosaur visible in the womb. Yet another fossil shows the same type of animal giving birth with half of the baby out of the mother and half still inside the mother. Assuming the uniformity theory of 1400 years per foot of limestone, and a body thickness of about 5 feet for such a large animal, it would have taken at least 7000 years to cover this ichthyosaur. But obviously, that is not the case. It is as if someone suddenly dumped a whole truckload of cement on this animal, causing it to be instantaneously sealed in rock. This was a catastrophic destruction, with no time to finish dinner and no time to finish giving birth, much less time to decompose. If that is not enough evidence, trees over 40 feet tall have been found standing vertically in the limestone. The trees did not decompose in the time it took them to be covered, which would have taken more than 50,000 years by the evolutionists' uniformity processes.

There are many other processes which were thought to have taken vast stretches of time, that were actually accomplished rather quickly. For example, the formation of coal is supposed to have taken millions of years. However, fossils of tree trunks have been found extending vertically in the coal beds, revealing that coal was formed rapidly. If the coal had taken eons to form, the tree would have died, become rotten, fallen down, and decomposed long before the coal could cover it.

Many rock formations which are supposed to have been formed over millions of years actually contain flow structures that can be plainly seen, including ripple marks and swirls around internal obstructions. This is clear evidence of rapid formation.

Stalactites, rock-like formations that hang down from the ceilings of caves, were once supposed to have required vast stretches of time to form. Some estimates were approximately one cubic inch per 100,000 years. But now stalactites have been found to form much faster. They have even been found underneath modern man-made stone or concrete structures, such as in the basements of old buildings or underneath old bridges.

For further information on rapid formation of rock and stalactites, see Creation Ministries International, Institute for Creation Research, and Answers In Genesis.

The Geological Column

One common argument that evolutionists like to use is to say that as you dig deeper into the rock strata, you find increasingly simpler organisms. They call this the geological column. But in the real world, they cannot find such a column all in one place. So they have to correlate or piece together samples from around the world into columns.

How do they determine the ages of the various rock strata to know where they should go in the column? By Radiometric dating? No, as previously stated, they look at the fossils that they find in the rocks to see how primitive they think the organisms look. Then they determine the age of the rock and where it should go in the column by examining the fossils themselves. So it is all based upon the beginning assumption that the general theory of evolution is correct and that any evidence to the contrary, no matter how vast, has to be wrong.

Modern human skeletons have been found with dinosaur skeletons. This is a problem for the evolutionists who say that the dinosaurs became extinct tens of millions of years before man came on the scene. The evolutionists protest, saying that the human skeletons must have been moved or that they somehow did not live contemporaneously with the dinosaurs. However, researchers in Glen Rose, Texas have uncovered very strong evidence that dinosaurs and humans did live at the same time. The evidence is found in and around a river bed in limestone that is supposed to be 110 million years old. The limestone contains hundreds of dinosaur tracks. Among them are many human tracks, including a path of 14 human steps which cross over and sometimes even step directly into the dinosaur tracks. Other human evidence found in the limestone includes a fossilized human finger and an iron hammer. A large cat track, nine-inches across, was also found nearby. This is significant because evidence of any large mammal living contemporaneously with dinosaurs is devastating for popular evolutionary theory which supposes that mammals came millions of years after the extinction of the dinosaurs.

The Grand Canyon presents other problems for the geological column. Along the walls are Cambrian and Mississippian rock layers, one on top of the other. This is interesting because those layers are supposed to have been formed separately with an intervening time gap of 150-200 million years. Why aren't there rocks between those layers in that alleged huge time gap? The evolutionists theorize that that 150-200 million years must have been a period of very heavy erosion that kept that rock layer from developing. Now we know that just a few decades of water erosion can produce major signs of erosion. Yet the line between the Cambrian and Mississippian rock layers is very level for hundreds of miles with no sign of erosion at all, much less 150 million years worth. So we know that the Cambrian and Mississippian rock layers were actually formed with very little time intervening. In addition, there are some cases of alternating strata. That is, Mississippian rock sits on top of Cambrian rock which sits on top of Mississippian rock which sits on top of Cambrian rock and so forth. Now that really fouls up the so-called geological column.

The Cambrian rock is supposed to be the layer of rock in which the simplest of all life forms first began to appear. However, all of the major phyla of plants and animals may be found in the Cambrian rock strata, including the most advanced group, the vertebrates. In fact, nearly all classes and orders have been found in Cambrian rock. So the pre-Cambrian period for which there is no fossil record is far more than a missing link, but rather, it is a missing chain.

For further information on the so-called "geological column", see Creation Ministries International, Institute for Creation Research, and Answers In Genesis.

The Laws of Thermodynamics

First Law of Thermodynamics: This is the law of conservation of matter and energy. Though matter and energy can change from one to the other, matter-energy can neither be created nor destroyed.

Matter cannot be created within the framework of the natural laws of science. Matter therefore, could only have come into existence by super-natural means (the Creator). The general theory of evolution, the big bang, and other such theories only try to explain how life was formed out of unorganized non-living matter and energy. They provide no clues at all as to how all of the matter and energy came into existence in the first place.

Second Law of Thermodynamics: This law is sometimes called the principal of entropy increase. That means that the universe is constantly becoming more and more disordered.

By this law, incredibly complex life forms could never be formed from simple raw materials, even if you waited a trillion years. Some will argue that this law applies only to closed systems, and that since the earth gets energy from the sun, the earth is an open system which can become more organized. Certainly additional energy is required in order for anything to become more organized, but energy by itself is not sufficient. An increase in information is required. For example, a nuclear bomb dropped on a city adds tremendous energy to the city. Does this make the city more organized? No, it turns the city into in a mass of smoldering rubble. If a tornado hits a house, it is not going to caulk the bathtub, do the dishes, and lock up when it leaves. Likewise, the sun provides no information to the earth, and is incapable of causing an increase in organization.

For further information on the laws of thermodynamics, see Institute for Creation Research and Creation Ministries International.

No Simple Cells

In "Origin of Species", page 183, Charles Darwin wrote regarding the general theory of evolution, "If it could be demonstrated that any complex organ existed which could not possibly have been formed by numerous, successive, slight modifications, my theory would absolutely breakdown."

One place where his theory breaks down is in the formation of living cells. There are no such thing as simple cells. Bacteria cells, like human cells, are complex beyond our imagination. A single cell is like a huge library, astoundingly complex, not even remotely simple. Each cell contains many different systems required to keep it alive and enable it to reproduce itself. For the evolutionist to be correct, all of these various incredibly complex systems would have had to have been formed simultaneously by chance.

For further information on the complexity of cells, see Institute for Creation Research and Creation Ministries International.

Apes, Men, Frauds, and Mistakes

In attempt to develop an evolutionary chain between ape and man, evolutionists often point to many so-called "fossil men". However, when these many links in the alleged chain are analyzed it becomes apparent that they all fall into one of three groups of fossils. These three groups are: (1.) apes, (2.) men, (3.) mistakes, frauds, and missing evidence.

Apes: Ramapithecus, Oreopithecus, Limnopithecus, Kenyapithecus, and Austalopithecines were all simply various types of apes, perhaps extinct types of orangutans. Austalopithecines is supposed to be a step above the others in the chain, but its skull was strikingly similar to that of a modern orangutan. Its brain was only 400 to 700 cubic centimeters, compared with the much larger 1400 to 1700 cubic centimeters for modern man. [Note that some of those listed in above may be not be legitimate, since some were only based upon teeth or a small amount of bones.]

Men: The brains of the Neanderthals and Cro Magnons were 1600 to 1700 cubic centimeters, at least as large if not slightly larger than modern man. Neanderthals are often depicted as having primitive facial features. However, the soft parts of a face do not leave marks on the skull, so no information about the lips, nose, eyes, and ears is known about the Neanderthal. Evolutionists will draw them with ape-like features to try to support their claims, but the fact is that either chimp-like features or a human features could be placed on a Neanderthal skull. The Neanderthals were assumed to have been of stooped posture when some early skeletons of old people with arthritis were uncovered. But later, upright skeletons were also found. The Cro Magnon man was not only large brained but they averaged 6 foot 6 inches in height. So there is really no reason to think that the Neanderthals and Cro Magnons were anything other than men.

Mistakes, Frauds, and Missing Evidence: There are hundreds of skeletal examples of those listed above which prove only that there were apes and that there were men. But of course we already knew there were apes and there were men. Between these two groups in the alleged chain is a group called Pithecanthropines, also known as Homo Erectus. This group is composed of multiple mistakes and in some cases, frauds, and cases where the supposed evidence is missing. (1.) The Piltdown man (Eoanthropus Dawsoni), named for Charles Dawson, was fabricated around 1912. It was heralded as the missing link for about forty years, until 1953 when the Piltdown was exposed as a fraud. It was put together by using pieces of human skull cap and the jaw of a chimpanzee. The teeth had been filed down and chemicals had been used to "age" the bones. (2.) The Nebraska man (Hesperopithecus Haroldcookii) was "discovered" in 1922 by Harold Cook and was based on a find that consisted only of one tooth. As flimsy as this sounds, the Nebraska man was taken seriously for five years. Then in 1927, a jaw-bone containing more such teeth was found nearby, and it was determined to have come from an extinct pig. (3.) There are now no known Peking man (Sinanthropus Pekinensis) bones in existence. The discoverers had supposedly used various bone fragments of several specimens to put together model skull of what they think the Peking man might have looked like in 1928. However all of the fossil evidence was reportedly lost in 1941. (4.) The Java man (Pithecanthropus) was "discovered" in 1891 by Eugene Dubois, who found a human leg bone about 50 feet from a skull cap of an extinct gibbon-like ape. He proclaimed these two to have come from a single upright walking ape-man. Decades later it was revealed that human skulls and ape leg bones were also found in that same area. Perhaps the reason that information had been concealed was because it would naturally undercut the claim that the human-like leg bone and the ape-skull came from the same being. (5.) Zinjanthropus was found by Louis and Mary Leakey in 1950. But ten years later, they found the skull of a human child nearby. They then decided that Zinjanthropus was simply an ape.

The traditional evolutionary charts, following the idea that larger indicates "more advanced", show small apes evolving into larger apes that eventually began walking erect and getting progressively larger until we reach modern man. But the fossil record almost invariably show that things were larger in the past. Some examples of larger animals found in the fossil records include: Pigs that were the size of rhinos, rams with horns spanning six feet, sheep that were six feet tall, donkeys 9 foot at the shoulder, a rhino 18 feet tall, armadillos 9 times longer than those that exist today, 50 foot long crocodiles, sharks measuring nearly 100 feet long, wolves 6 foot tall, dragonflies with 20 to 30 inch wingspans, cat-tails 60 feet tall with cones 6 to 10 feet long, turtles 12 feet across, 12 foot tall birds, bison 12 foot at shoulder with 10 foot horn spans. As we mentioned earlier, the Cro Magnon man averaged 6' 6" tall, and like the Neanderthal man, had a brain at least as large if not larger than the average modern man.

For further information on the various supposed "missing links", see Creation Ministries International and Answers In Genesis.

Punctuated Evolution

In absence of credible evidence of evolution in the fossil record, many evolutionists are now attempting to explain the lack of evidence with a modified theory. They call this theory "punctuated equilibrium" or the "punctuational model". This is a move away from the idea of uniformity. This revised theory is that there are very long periods with no evolutionary change, separated by very brief periods of rapid evolution. Therefore, many evolutionists now say that the reason that no evidence of evolution can be found is that the evolution happened so fast that it left no visible record. So this theory is not based upon evidence, but rather, the lack of evidence. It has no scientific foundation.

This really just causes more problems for the general theory of evolution. If punctuated evolution were correct, then there would no longer be any need for them to say the earth is 4 to 5 billion years old, since evolution could take place so quickly. Never-the-less, the evolutionists faithfully cling to the ancient earth theory anyway. Also, they are in essence admitting that they have no evidence for evolution.

For further information on punctuated equilibrium, see Creation Ministries International, Institute for Creation Research, and Answers In Genesis.

Evidence of the Global Flood

The eruption of the Mount St. Helens volcano in the early 1980's and the tremendous mud-flows that came afterward provided an excellent look at the kind of effects that the global flood had on the earth's surface. The mud-flows carved out a large gorge that is like small scaled model of the Grand Canyon. Naturally, water run-off from the hills began to flow through the gorge in the form of a small stream. Many geologists, if they had been unaware of the Mount St. Helens eruption, would have said that the stream carved out that gorge over hundreds of millions of years. But the gorge did not even exist prior to 1980. The stream did not cause the gorge, but rather, the gorge caused the stream. The many rock layers and other geological formations that we see all over the world can be explained by the global, catastrophic flood. Steve Austin of Institute for Creation Research has an excellent video about the Mount St. Helens eruption and mud-flows.

After such a catastrophic flood, we would expect to find vast numbers of dead animals and plants, all over the world, buried in rock formed by flowing water. That is exactly what we find. Many dinosaur graveyards have been found containing the skeletons of thousands of dinosaurs together, with their bones aligned in a uniform direction, indicating they were all killed together in one massive water flow.

All of the Egyptian pyramids have the horizontal streaks caused by thousands of years of erosion by wind-blown desert sand. But the older Sphinx which sits in their midst shows an altogether different type of erosion. Though the upper portion of the Sphinx has been recarved by various pharaohs, the lower portion still shows the deep rounded scars of erosion by water. Upon this realization, some scientists began to theorize that in the period 4500 years ago and beyond, Egypt used to receive much more rainfall than it has in the last 4500 years. But those of us who know the Bible know what really happened about 4500 years ago.

For further information on evidence of the global flood, see Institute for Creation Research, Creation Ministries International, and Answers In Genesis.

In Closing

Psalms 14:1 and 53:1 each say, "The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God ...." The evolutionist begins with the false premise that there is no Creator. Therefore, to explain our origins, the evolutionist has to assume that we must have somehow evolved out of inorganic material over billions of years. So basically the evolutionist pre-determines the answer from the beginning. He is convinced that the earth has to be billions of years old, and that it is just a matter of finding evidence to support it. The majority of the evidence that he finds, which suggests that the earth is much younger, must therefore be wrong and must be thrown out and ignored. However, an honest man who examines all the evidence must conclude that the earth is very young. Romans 1:20 says, "... the invisible things of him (God) from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse ...."

The Bible says in Genesis 1:1, "In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth." Also in the fourth commandment, Exodus 20:8-11 says, "Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it." It is clear that these were regular 24 hour days. Not only from the plain language, but also because the context is the days of the week that God is commanding Israel to work and rest. Anyone attempting to say the days of creation are any other length have to wrestle these words out of the clear context of scripture. See also Exodus 37:16-17. By counting backwards in the Old Testament Timeline using the chronological information provided in the scriptures, it is clear that the six days of creation took place sometime around 4000 BC. When we consider the absence of evidence for evolution and all of the signs that we see of the global flood, then we are left with no reason not to simply and literally believe the Word of God.

For additional study of creation and flood related issues from a scriptural perspective, see the Bible Questions and Answers: Creation and the Flood page for Biblical answers to several creation and flood related questions.

Good Resources for Further Study

Institute for Creation Research
Creation Ministries International
Answers In Genesis
Creation Research Society

Geologist Don Patton dpatton693@aol.com has some very informative video sets detailing most of these topics, several of which can be viewed on YouTube.

Addendum: Public Opinion
(The section below was added in 2009.)

I do not recall ever previously citing any public opinion polls on this web site. As we well know, polls can vary depending on who is sampled, how the questions are phrased, and how the choices for answering are phrased, et cetera. Also, one should never form theological opinions based upon polls. However, the poll results listed below show that the public has not bought into the evolution lie nearly to the degree that the media would like us to think. For that reason, some Bible students might find these poll results to be encouraging. So I decided to list some of them here.

For a long time, the evolutionists have enjoyed the favor of the mainstream media, and have been able to deliver their message with alternative opinions rarely being permitted to be voiced. And with the force of law decreed by America's liberal judges, the evolution propaganda has been forced upon the nation's children for multiple decades with no other theories or critique being allowed in the classroom. So by now, most everyone should agree with the evolutionists, right? Well, it apparently has not worked out that way.

In February 2009, Gallup took a poll of over one thousand American adults asking, "Do you, personally believe in the theory of evolution, do you not believe in evolution, or don't you have an opinion either way?" Only 39% said they believe in the theory of evolution, while 25% said they do not believe in evolution, and 36% said they have no opinion. Perhaps even more surprisingly, even among those who said they seldom or never attend church, only 55% said they believe in the theory of evolution. So skepticism of the evolution theory is quite common, even among the non-religious.

In July 2005, a Pew Research Center survey of Americans found that 42% believe that humans and other living things always been in their present form and that 18% believe they evolved under the guidance of a supreme being. The survey found that only 26% believe that humans and other living things, "... evolved due to natural processes such as natural selection ...", and 14% say they do not know.

In June 2007, USA Today/Gallup asked over one thousand American adults for their views on, "Evolution, that is, the idea that human beings developed over millions of years from less advanced forms of life". Only 18% responded that this was "definitely true". But when asked for their views on, "Creationism, that is, the idea that God created human beings pretty much in their present form at one time within the last 10,000 years", more than twice as many, 39% said it was "definitely true". That also leaves a large percentage of the public that either do not have an opinion or lean one way or the other but with some level of uncertainty.

In March 2005, NBC News asked, "Which do you think is more likely to actually be the explanation for the origin of human life on earth: evolution or the biblical account of creation?" The response was 33% evolution, 57% biblical account of creation, and 10% do not know. The 57% who responded "biblical account of creation were further asked, "And by this do you mean: that God created the world in six days and rested on the seventh as described in the Book of Genesis or that God was a divine presence in the formation of the universe?" Of this 57%, 44% said God created the world in six days, and 13% said God was a divine presence in the formation.

A November 2004 CBS/New York Times poll found that 55% of Americans believe that God created humans in their present form. The poll found that only 40% believe humans evolved, with 27% believing God guided the process of the evolution, and 13% believing God did not guide the process.

We know polls are far from perfect, and some can be quite inaccurate. But one thing is quite clear: Despite the evolutionists claims that the theory of evolution is as settled as the law of gravity, the public is far from settled on the issue, and actually leaning against it. And despite the evolutionists having totally controlled the public indoctrination system for generations, their propaganda has been rejected more often than embraced by Americans.

When it comes to public opinion as to teaching both views in public schools, there is no contest. Pew asked in July 2005, "Would you generally favor or oppose teaching creationism along with evolution in public schools?" The response was 64% in favor, 26% in opposition, and 10% did not know.

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Copyright © 1999 Matthew McGee. All rights reserved.